BECE Junior WAEC Syllabus 2024/2025 For All Subject –

BECE Junior WAEC Syllabus: Are you a student in junior secondary? If yes, then this article is for you, about Junior BECE WAEC Syllabus for all subject. Junior WAEC syllabus and compulsory subject is for all west African students.

BECE Junior WAEC Syllabus

BECE Junior WAEC Syllabus

The Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE), also known as Junior WAEC (West African Examination Council), is an examination taken by students in Junior Secondary Schools in West African countries, including Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and The Gambia. The BECE is usually taken at the end of the junior secondary school education, typically after three years of study.

While I cannot provide the specific syllabus for the BECE because it may vary slightly from one country to another and can be updated by examination bodies, I can give you a general overview of the subjects covered in the BECE:

  • English Language: This subject assesses the students’ abilities in areas such as comprehension, grammar, vocabulary, and essay writing.
  • Mathematics: The mathematics paper typically covers topics like arithmetic, algebra, geometry, statistics, and basic trigonometry.
  • Integrated Science: This subject combines elements of biology, chemistry, and physics. It assesses students’ understanding of basic scientific principles and concepts.
  • Social Studies: Social Studies covers a range of topics related to geography, history, civics, and current affairs. It aims to test students’ knowledge of their society and the world.
  • Basic Technology (sometimes): This subject may include questions on basic technology and introductory computer studies.
  • Agricultural Science (sometimes): Some countries include Agricultural Science, testing students on basic principles of agriculture.
  • Civic Education (sometimes): This subject covers aspects of citizenship, ethics, and societal values.

It’s important to note that the specific content and emphasis in each subject may vary based on the country and the examination body. Therefore, it is recommended to obtain the official syllabus from the relevant examination council or education authorities in your country.

Subjects to Register in Junior WAEC

Eighteen subjects are administered at the BECE level. A candidate is expected to sit for a maximum of ten (10) subjects. A candidate is deemed to have passed the BECE if he/she has passed in six subjects including English and Mathematics.

  • Mathematics
  • English Language
  • Basic/Integrated Science
  • Agricultural Science
  • Physical Education
  • Introductory Technology
  • Social Studies
  • Religious Studies
  • Business Studies
  • Local Language
  • Computer
  • French
  • Civic Education
  • Home Economics
  • Cultural & Creative Arts

English Language

Lexis and Structure:

  • Tenses
  • Concord/Agreement
  • Conditional Sentence
  • Vocabulary e.g. Phrasal Verbs, General Vocabulary
  • Passive and Active forms
  • Direct and Reported Speech
  • Question and Answer Tags
  • Phrases and Clauses
  • Idiomatic Expressions
  • Parts of speech


Types of Passages: Concepts to be taught

  • the use/meaning of certain words and expressions in relation to their context;
  • the understanding of the whole or part of the passage.

Types of Passages:

Dialogue or conversation

  • Narrative
  • Descriptive

Essay Writing:

  • Letters – formal and informal
  • narrative/descriptive
  • exposition(describing processes)
  • speech
  • argument/debate
  • article


  • Sets
  • Operations on Sets
  • Properties of Natural Numbers
  • Numeration System
  • Operations on Whole Numbers
  • Positive and negative Integers, Rational Numbers
  • Common Fractions and Decimal Fractions
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Percentages, Rates and Taxes
  • Exponents (Indices)
  • Collecting and Handling Data (Statistics)
  • Probability
  • Algebraic Expressions
  • Linear Equations in One Variable
  • Linear Inequalities in One Variable
  • Mapping
  • Number Plane
  • Basic Solids
  • Length and Area of Plan Figures
  • Volume of Basic Solids
  • Angles
  • Right-Angled Triangle (Properties)
  • Measurement of Capacity, Mass, Time and Money
  • Rigid Motion
  • Enlargement and Similar figures
  • Constructions, Loci
  • Vectors
  • Investigation with Numbers

Basic Technology

  • Ferrous and non-ferrous
  • Timber
  • Building materials
  • Abrasives
  • Adhesives
  • Finishes
  • Plastics
  • Safety precautions
  • Measuring tools
  • Setting-out and marking out tools
  • Cutting tools
  • tools
  • Removing and driving tools
  • Striking tools
  • Digging tools
  • Laying tools
  • Moulding bricks
  • Walling
  • Fastenings
  • Sheet metal work
  • Basic Electrical circuits
  • Basic Electronics circuits
  • Isometric Drawing
  • Oblique Drawing
  • Perspective Drawing
  • Orthographic Projections
  • Development of Prisms

Basic Science

  • General characteristics of matter
  • Plants and Animals
  • Measurement
  • Density
  • Soil
  • Hazards
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Chemical compounds
  • Metals and Non-Metals
  • Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Mixtures
  • Water
  • Flowering Plants
  • Vegetative Crop Production
  • Animal Production
  • Fish Culture
  • Carbon Cycle
  • Climate
  • Life Cycle of a Mosquito
  • Respiratory Systems of Humans
  • Farming Systems
  • Reproduction and Growth In Humans
  • Heredity
  • Diffusion and Osmosis
  • Circulatory System in Humans
  • The Solar System
  • Dentition in Humans
  • Digestion in Animals
  • Sources and Forms of Energy
  • Basic Electronics
  • Light
  • Electrical Energy
  • Heat
  • Photosynthesis
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Ecosystem
  • Physical and Chemical changes
  • Infections and Diseases
  • Pests and Parasites
  • Force and Pressure
  • Machines
  • Magnetism
  • Technology and Development
  • Machinery
  • Entrepreneurship


  • Agricultural Science
  • Business Studies
  • Home Economics
  • Edo
  • Efik
  • Ibibio
  • Arabic
  • Hausa L2, Igbo L2, Yoruba L2

How BECE Grading System Work

A – Distinction
B – Upper Credit
C – Lower Credit
P – Pass
F – Fail

Important Subjects in BECE to Register

This article will list the 6 important subjects to focus on in Junior WAEC:

  • Mathematics
  • English Language
  • Basic/Integrated Science
  • Civic Education
  • Agricultural Science
  • Computer

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