EXPO: NECO Civic Education Questions and Answers 2023/2024

NECO Civic Education Questions and Answers: The NECO 2023 Civic Education; Theory and Objective (OBJ) expo question and answer is free for every candidate writing this year exams. If you are among those writing 2023 NECO Examination, Do expect free answer here.

NECO Civic Education Questions and Answers

About NECO Civic Education Questions and Answers

The National Examination Council (NECO) is a Nigerian Exams Body that has been in operation since 2000 and is recognized globally.


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Civic Education Thursday, 20th July.

NECO Civic Education Questions 2023


Civic Education (Objective & Essay)
10:00am – 1:00pm


A Constitution can be defined as a written set of fundamental principles and rules that govern a country or organization. It establishes the framework for the organization’s structure powers and limitations as well as the rights and responsibilities of its citizens or members.



(i) Written Constitution: The 1999 Constitution of Nigeria is a written document that outlines the fundamental principles and rules guiding the governance of Nigeria.

(ii) Federalism: It establishes Nigeria as a federal republic with power shared between the central government and the states. It defines the powers and responsibilities of both levels of government.

(iii) Separation of Powers: The Constitution provides for the separation of powers among the three arms of government: the executive legislative and judicial branches. This ensures a system of checks and balances.

(iv) Fundamental Human Rights: The Constitution enshrines fundamental human rights and freedoms such as the right to life liberty and fair hearing. It sets out the framework for the protection and promotion of these rights.

(v) Citizenship: The Constitution defines who is considered a citizen of Nigeria and outlines their rights privileges and obligations.

(vi) Presidential System: The 1999 Constitution establishes a presidential system of government where the president is the head of state and head of government. It outlines the powers and functions of the president.

(vii) Amendment Process: The Constitution provides for its amendment outlining the procedures to be followed when changes are proposed. It requires a two-thirds majority of the National Assembly and state legislatures for amendments to take effect.




(i) Strong Leadership: A strong and visionary leadership can play a pivotal role in promoting national unity by fostering a sense of identity and purpose among diverse groups of people.

(ii) Inclusive Governance: Ensuring inclusive governance where all ethnic religious and regional groups have a voice in decision-making processes can help bridge divides and promote unity.

(iii) Respect for Diversity: A society that values and respects diversity can foster a climate of acceptance and tolerance. Appreciating different cultures languages and beliefs can contribute to national unity.

(iv) Effective Communication: Open and transparent communication platforms can help promote dialogue and understanding among different groups. It allows for the exchange of ideas and perspectives promoting unity.

(v) Equal Opportunities: Providing equal opportunities in education employment and socioeconomic development can contribute to national unity by reducing social and economic disparities between different groups.

(vi) Shared National Identity: Promoting a shared national identity that transcends ethnic religious and regional differences can help forge a sense of belonging and unity among citizens.

(vii) Peaceful Coexistence: Ensuring peace security and stability within a country promotes national unity. Addressing and resolving conflicts peacefully and fostering a culture of dialogue can contribute to unity.


(6a) Rule of Law is defined as the supremacy of the law over every citizen in a political system.


(i) Protection of Individual Rights: The rule of law ensures that everyone is treated equally under the law, safeguarding basic human rights and civil liberties, and protecting individuals from discrimination and arbitrary actions.

(ii) Stability and Predictability: Clear rules and consistent enforcement of laws create a stable environment, fostering trust and confidence in the legal system. This stability encourages economic growth and investment.

(iii) Accountability and Transparency: The rule of law holds all individuals, including government officials, accountable for their actions. Transparent legal processes promote public trust and deter corruption.

(iv) Conflict Resolution and Social Cohesion: By providing established legal channels for dispute resolution, the rule of law reduces violence and enhances social cooperation, fostering a just and cohesive society.


(i) Independent Judiciary: Ensure judges are free from political influence, have tenure protection, and maintain professional integrity.

(ii) Strong Legal Framework: Establish clear laws that protect rights, ensure fair processes, and have effective enforcement mechanisms.



1. Improved Education: Empowering youth to take charge of their own learning and development will lead to improved educational outcomes. This will help to ensure that young people are better equipped to pursue their dreams and contribute to the Nigerian economy.

2. Increased Self-Confidence: By providing youth with the skills and knowledge to make informed decisions, they will gain a sense of confidence and self-worth. This will help to foster an environment of positive self-image and self-efficacy.

3. Improved Employment Opportunities: With the right skills, youth will be better equipped to find employment and participate in the labor market. This will help to reduce unemployment and poverty in Nigeria.

4. Increased Civic Engagement: Empowering youth to participate in the decision-making process will help to ensure that their voices are heard and their opinions are respected. This will lead to increased civic engagement and better public policies.

5. Improved Social Connections: When youth are given the opportunity to develop their skills, they will be better able to build relationships and foster positive connections with their peers. This will lead to improved social connections and better social integration.

6. Increased Creativity: Empowering youth to explore their creative potential will lead to increased creativity and innovation. This will help to drive economic growth and development.

7. Improved Health: By teaching youth the importance of healthy living, they will be better equipped to make informed decisions about their health. This will lead to improved health outcomes for the entire population.

8. Improved Quality of Life: Empowering youth to make informed decisions about their lives will lead to improved quality of life. This will help to ensure that young people are able to reach their full potential and contribute to society.

(i) Traffic Rules: Obeying traffic rules and regulations such as stopping at red lights yielding to pedestrians and following speed limits contributes to orderliness on the roads.
(ii) Public Transportation: Queueing in an orderly manner at bus stops or train stations respecting line spaces and waiting for one’s turn to board public transportation helps maintain order and efficiency.
(iii) Law and Order: Adhering to laws respecting the authority of law enforcement agencies and cooperating with legal procedures contributes to maintaining order and justice within society.
(iv) Organized Events: Events that are well-planned and executed with clear directions designated areas and proper crowd management ensure orderliness and the safety of participants.
(v) Meeting Protocols: Orderliness is essential during meetings or gatherings to ensure effective communication and decision-making. Following meeting protocols such as having an agenda time management and giving each person an opportunity to speak helps maintain order and achieve objectives.
(vi) Law and Social Order: Upholding laws and regulations is vital for maintaining orderliness in society. The legal system ensure

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